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Acid-free paper - Paper with a pH of 7.0 or greater when manufactured - Society of American Archivists...
Acid-free papers are distinguished from papers that contain a residue of the acids used to break up wood fibers during manufacture. The residual acid continues to attack the paper fibers, making the paper brittle over time. Archival papers are typically made from alpha cellulose, are lignin free, and often contain an alkaline buffer to counter any trace of acids used in processing or environmental acids....
http://www2.archivists.org/glossary/terms/a/acid-free-paper

Acid-free paper - What is it?...
Acid-free paper addresses the problem of preserving documents and artwork for long periods. Alkaline paper has a life expectancy of over 1,000 years for the best paper and 500 years for average grades....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid-free_paper

ANSI NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009) Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives...
Publishers and paper manufacturers, take note! This standard sets the basic criteria for coated and uncoated papers that will last several hundred years under normal use. It covers ph value, tear resistance, alkaline reserve and lignin threshold. Recycled papers will meet the criteria specified. This revision to the original 1984 standard is based on testing conducted by the Institute of Paper Science and Technology and contributions from paper makers, publishers, printers, and the preservation community....
http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/project/details.php?project_id=81

Archival Paper - What is it?...
Anyone who has unfolded an old newspaper clipping from memorabilia knows the importance of making paper to an archival standard. Newspaper, for instance, will become a brittle and discolored artifact in a very short time as a result of acids which remain in the paper when it is made. Acid-free paper, by contrast, is a permanent and relatively stable legacy for future generations to enjoy....
http://newsletter.handpapermaking.org/beginner/beg37.htm

ART PAPERS...
Its mission is to provide an independent and accessible forum for the exchange of perspectives on the role of contemporary art as a socially relevant and engaged discourse. This mission is implemented through the publication of ART PAPERS Magazine and the presentation of public programs....
http://www.artpapers.org

ARTPAPER suppliers of fine art papers since 1995...
Our goal remains to provide quality materials, information, and instruction to our customers through qualified experience and an unreasonable dedication to art materials and their applications. We are owned and operated by professional artists and art students....
http://www.artpaper.com

Bamboo paper - What is it?...
Bamboo fiber has been used to make paper in China since early times, over 1500 years ago. A high-quality, handmade paper is still produced in small quantities....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bamboo_paper#Paper
One of my favorite papers

Banana paper - What is it?...
Banana paper is used in two different senses: to refer to a paper made from the bark of the banana plant, mainly used for artistic purposes, or paper made from banana fiber, obtained from an industrialized process, from the stem and the non-utilizable fruits....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_paper

Bond paper - What is it?...
A high quality durable writing paper similar to bank paper but having a weight greater than 50 g m2. The name comes from it having originally been made for documents such as government bonds....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bond_paper

Book paper - What is it?...
A book paper (or publishing paper) is a paper that is designed specifically for the publication of printed books. Traditionally, book papers are off-white or low-white papers (easier to read), are opaque to minimise the show-through of text from one side of the page to the other...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_paper

Bristol board - What is it?...
Bristol board (also referred to as Bristol paper) is an uncoated, machine-finished paperboard. It provides two working surfaces, front and back. Plate finish is as smooth as glass, and it is very good for pen and ink. Vellum finish is a medium texture more appropriate to friction-based media, such as crayon, chalks, or charcoal....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bristol_paper

Cartridge paper - What is it?...
A high quality type of heavy paper used for illustration and drawing. The term "cartridge paper" is not generally used in the United States. The name derives from its original use in forming the tube section of shotgun shells....
http://cool.conservation-us.org/don/dt/dt0594.html

Coated paper - What is it?...
Paper which has been coated by a compound to impart certain qualities to the paper, including weight, surface gloss, smoothness or reduced ink absorbency. Kaolinite, calcium carbonate, Bentonite, talc...are used to coat paper for high quality printing used in packaging industry and in magazines....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coated_paper

Construction paper - What is it?...
Construction paper (sugar paper) is a tough, coarse, colored paper. The texture is slightly rough, and the surface is unfinished. Due to the source material, mainly wood pulp, small particles are visible on the paper’s surface. It is used for projects or crafts....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construction_paper

Cotton paper - What is it?...
Made from cotton linters or cotton from used cloths (rags) as the primary material source, hence the name rag paper. Cotton paper is superior in both strength and durability to wood pulp-based paper, which may contain high concentrations of acids....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotton_paper
One of my favorite papers

Dard Hunter Studios and The Mountain House - early making paper by hand ...
A tribute to Dard Hunter, his life and work and his contributions to the Arts and Crafts movement of the early 20th century including his contributions to handmade paper, watermarks and books. By the time of his death on February 20, 1966, Dard Hunter was responsible for a renaissance in hand papermaking and printing....
http://www.dardhunter.com
Highly Recommended

Differences between Parchment, Vellum and Paper...
The terms parchment and vellum are also used in the paper making industry. Parchment paper is made from cellulose fibers prepared from fir trees or plants such as cotton or flax. Paper can be made which mimics the thickness and smooth surface of parchment. The terms refer to the finish of the paper and should not be relied upon as an indicator of its long term stability....
http://www.archives.gov/preservation/formats/paper-vellum.html

Friends of Dard Hunter: American Contemporary Hand Papermaking...
An organization for hand papermakers that honors the life and work of Dard Hunter with annual conferences and exhbitions in the US and abroad. Dard Hunter (1881–1966), whose travels, research, and writing are the most extensive of anyone in the field of hand papermaking...
http://www.friendsofdardhunter.org

Genuine Digital FineArt Paper from Hahnemuehle - Video...
The Hahnemuehle paper mill has been producing quality artist papers for over 425 years. Since it was founded in 1584 in Germany, Lower Saxony, they have developed invaluable experience and a tradition of excellence in art materials that has now been brought to the digital age, and fine art InkJet printing....
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksI5dbltqHc&feature=mfu_in_order&list=UL

Hand Papermaking - Non-profit organization promoting the art of hand papermaking....
Hand Papermaking magazine was founded in 1986, two issues of the magazine have been published every year since. Hand Papermaking Newsletter is a quarterly newsletter. Hand Papermaking is known for its distinctive series of portfolios. Paper artists and others interested in handmade paper art...
http://www.handpapermaking.org

Handmade paper - What is it?... ...
The process of manufacturing handmade paper can be generalized into five steps: Separating the useful fiber from the rest of raw materials; Beating down the fiber into pulp; Adjusting the color, mechanical, chemical, biological, and other properties of the paper by adding special chemical premixes; Screening the resulting solution; Pressing and drying to get the actual paper...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papermaking#Manual_paper-making

Hemp Paper - What is it?...
The first identified coarse paper, made from hemp, dates to the early Western Han Dynasty, two hundred years before the nominal invention of papermaking by Cai Lun, who improved and standardized paper production using a range of inexpensive materials, including hemp ends, approximately 2000 years ago....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp#Paper
One of my favorite papers

History of paper - ...
Paper was invented by the ancient Chinese in the 2nd century BC during the Han Dynasty and spread slowly to the west via the Silk Road. Papermaking and manufacturing in Europe started in the Iberian Peninsula, today's Portugal and Spain and Sicily in the 10th century by the Muslims living there at the time, and slowly spread to Italy and South France reaching Germany by 1400....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_paper

Illustration board - Paperboard - What is it?...
A thick paper based material. Paperboard can be single or multi-ply. The board can have a smooth or textured surface. It can also have two different surfaces....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paperboard

Inkjet paper - What is it?...
A special fine paper designed for inkjet printers, typically classified by its weight, brightness and smoothness, and sometimes by its opacity. Comparison to standard office paper...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inkjet_paper

Japanese Paper Place - Retail and Wholesale Supplier of Fine Japanese Papers...
Stocks and distributes over 2,000 different Japanese papers around the world. From Chiyogami (Yuzen) to origami and shoji paper and from inexpensive machine-made papers, cardstocks and tissues to exquisite handmade papers with a 1300-year history...
http://www.japanesepaperplace.com

Kenaf paper - What is it?...
The use of kenaf in paper production offers various environmental advantages over producing paper from trees. In 1960, the USDA surveyed more than 500 plants and selected kenaf as the most promising source of tree-free newsprint....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenaf#Kenaf_paper

Kraft paper - What is it?...
Kraft paper or kraft is paper or paperboard (cardboard) produced from chemical pulp produced in the kraft process. Pulp produced by the kraft process is stronger than that made by other pulping processes; acidic sulfite processes degrade cellulose more, leading to weaker fibers, and mechanical pulping processes leave most of the lignin with the fibers,...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraft_paper

Laid paper - What is it?...
A type of paper having a ribbed texture imparted by the manufacturing process. In the 19th century its use diminished as it was largely supplanted by wove paper. Laid paper is still commonly used by artists as a support for charcoal drawings....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laid_paper

Lignin - What is it? Derived from the Latin word lignum, meaning wood. Acid-free paper should be lignin and sulfur-free....
Lignin or lignen is a complex polymer of aromatic alcohols known as monolignols. It is most commonly derived from wood, and is an integral part of the secondary cell walls of plants and some algae. To make pulp from wood, a chemical pulping process separates lignin from cellulose fibers. Lignin deteriorates over time....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lignin

Marbled Paper From Florence - New York Times...
IN Turkey where it flourished in the 15th century, marbled paper making was known as ebru, or the art of the clouds.Pastel, abstract and as mutable as a cloud, marbled paper was reserved for religious writings ...
http://www.nytimes.com/1987/12/13/travel/marbled-paper-from-florence.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

Marbled Paper From Florence - New York Times...
Although marbled paper, like nearly everything civilized, probably originated in China and a comparable paper art called suminagashi has existed since the 12th century in Japan, ebru arrived in Europe through Venice with its windows open to the Orient....
http://www.nytimes.com/1987/12/13/travel/marbled-paper-from-florence.html

Paper density - What is it?...
Paper density (also known as basis weight and grammage) is a term used in the pulp and paper industry and also for fabric industry to denote a measure of mass of the product per unit of area for a type of fabric, paper or paperboard....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_density

Paper marbling - Marbled Papers...
The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to an absorbent surface, such as paper or fabric. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monotype....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_marbling
One of my favorite papers

Paper mill - ...
A paper mill is a factory devoted to making paper from vegetable fibres such as wood pulp, old rags and other ingredients using a Fourdrinier machine or other type of paper machine....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_mill

Paper recycling - ...
Paper recycling is the process of turning waste paper into new paper products. There are three categories of paper that can be used as feedstocks for making recycled paper: mill broke, pre-consumer waste, and post-consumer waste....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recycled_paper

Paper size - ...
Many paper size standards conventions have existed at different times and in different countries. Today there is one widespread international ISO standard (including A4, B3, C4, etc.) and a local standard used in North America (including letter, legal, ledger, etc.)....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_size

Paper stability - ...
Much of the early paper made from wood pulp contained significant amounts of alum, a variety of aluminium sulfate salts that is significantly acidic. Alum was added to paper to assist in sizing, making it somewhat water resistant so that inks did not "run" or spread uncontrollably. Early papermakers did not realize that the alum they added liberally to cure almost every problem encountered in making their product would eventually be detrimental....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper#Paper_stability

Paper Weights - Help understanding paper weights....
Paper Help, understanding the differences in paper weights. WE ARE LISTING THIS CONVENIENT 'QUICK LIST' OF WEIGHTS WHICH INCLUDES GRAMMAGE (GSM). AS YOU WILL NOTICE THE GSM IS A CONSISTENT NUMBER RUNNING SMALLER TO LARGER REGARDLESS OF THE THE PAPER BASIS....
http://www.paper-papers.com/paper-weights.html

Papermaking - ...
Paper-making is the process of making paper, a substance which is used universally today for writing and packaging. In paper-making a dilute suspension of fibers in water is drained through a screen, so that a mat of randomly interwoven fibers is laid down....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papermaking

PaperSpecs - Paper Information, Inspiration & Insights...
The first online paper database specifically developed for the design and print industries. We don’t sell paper, we simply tell you everything you need to know about it. To sample the many benefits of PaperSpecs membership, give it a taste test with a 7-day free trial....
http://www.paperspecs.com

Papyrus - What is it?...
A thick paper-like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Sudd of Southern Sudan along with the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First Dynasty), ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papyrus

Parchment - What is it?...
A thin material made from hide; often calfskin, sheepskin or goatskin, and often split. Its most common use was as a material for writing on, for documents, notes, or the pages of a book, codex or manuscript. It is distinct from leather in that parchment is limed but not tanned; therefore, it is very reactive to changes in relative humidity and is not waterproof. ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parchment

Pulp (paper) - What is it?...
A lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fibre crops or waste paper. Wood provides about 90 % of the basis for pulp production, while about 10 % originates from annual plants....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wood-pulp_paper

Pulp and paper industry - ...
The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products. The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulp_and_paper_industry

Robert C. Williams Paper Museum - Institute of Paper Science and Technology Atlanta, Georgia...
The Robert C. Williams Paper Museum is an internationally renowned resource on the history of paper and paper technology....
http://www.ipst.gatech.edu/amp

Sekishu-Banshi: papermaking in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture - Video...
The unique techniques of Sekishu-Banshi papermaking create the strongest paper produced in Japan. Sekishu-Banshi has long been made in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture in western Japan, originally as a side business for local farmers....
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2WXBZQ3S18&feature=player_embedded

Sizing - What is it?...
Sizing or size is any one of numerous specific substances that is applied to or incorporated in other material, especially papers and textiles, to act as a protecting filler or glaze. Sizing is used in papermaking and textile manufacturing to change the absorption and wear characteristics of those materials; it is the term used for oil-based surface preparation for gilding (and is also known as mordant in this context); and it is used by painters and artists to prepare paper and textile surfaces for some art techniques....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sizing

Stone paper - What is it?...
Stone Paper aka limestone paper, rock paper, bio-plastic paper, mineral paper, rich mineral paper, is a novel type of paper manufactured from calcium carbonate mixed with a high density polyethylene bonding agent. The source of the calcium carbonate is waste material collected from limestone quarries which is ground and reduced to fine white powder....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_paper

Sulfur - What is it? Sulfites are heavily used to bleach paper....
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element. Sulfur occurs naturally as the pure element (native sulfur) and as sulfide and sulfate minerals. Acid-free paper should be lignin and sulfur-free....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur

Tree-free paper - What is it?...
Tree-free paper or tree-free newsprint describes an alternative to wood-pulp paper by its raw material composition. It is claimed to be more eco-friendly considering the product's entire life cycle. Sources of fibre for tree-free paper include: agricultural residues (i.e. sugarcane bagasse, husks and straw) fibre crops and wild plants, such as bamboo, kenaf, hemp, jute, and flax textiles and cordage wastes Non-fibre sources include: calcium carbonate bound by a non-toxic high-density polyethylene resin...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree-free_paper

Tyvek - What is it?...
A brand of flashspun high-density polyethylene fibers, a synthetic material; the name is a registered trademark of DuPont. The material is very strong; it is difficult to tear but can easily be cut with scissors or a knife. Water vapor can pass through Tyvek (highly breathable), but not liquid water, so the material lends itself to a variety of applications: envelopes, labels, wristbands and graphics....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyvek_paper

Vellum - What is it?...
Vellum is derived from the Latin word “vitulinum” meaning "made from calf", leading to Old French “Vélin” ("calfskin").The term often refers to a parchment made from calf skin, as opposed to that from other animals. ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellum

Washi - What is it?...
A style of paper that was first made in Japan. Washi is commonly made using fibers from the bark of the gampi tree, the mitsumata shrub (Edgeworthia chrysantha), or the paper mulberry, but also can be made using bamboo, hemp, rice, and wheat. Washi comes from wa meaning Japanese and shi meaning paper, and the term is used to describe paper made by hand in the traditional manner....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washi

Waterproof paper - ...
Is good for extreme outdoor, marine, field use and general wet environments. Often designed especially for printing topographic maps. It is normally durable and tear-resistant. The paper is created with special coatings and fibers to allow it to stay together and not change shape or texture when exposed to rain, dampness, or immersed in water....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterproof_paper

Wax paper - What is it?...
Also known as paraffin paper, is paper that is made moisture-proof through the application of wax. The practice of oiling parchment or paper in order to make it semi-translucent or moisture-proof goes back at least to medieval times. Paper impregnated or coated with purified beeswax was widely used throughout the 19th century to retain or exclude moisture, or to wrap odorous products....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wax_paper

What Paper Is, and Is Not...
Most people still think of paper as a writing or drawing surface. Probably the best known paper-like writing surface is papyrus, a Greek word from which our word "paper" derives. Another type of early writing surface used in the Mediterranean, and later in Europe, was parchment or vellum...
http://newsletter.handpapermaking.org/beginner/beg42.htm

Wove paper - What is it?...
A writing paper with a uniform surface, not ribbed or watermarked. The papermaking mould's wires run parallel to each other to produce laid paper, but they are woven together into a fine wire mesh for wove paper. The originator of this new papermaking technique was James Whatman (1702–59) from Kent, England....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wove_paper

Xuan paper - What is it?...
Xuan paper or Shuen paper or rice paper, is a kind of paper originating in ancient China used for writing and painting. Xuan paper is renowned for being soft and fine textured, suitable for conveying the artistic expression of both Chinese calligraphy and painting....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuan_paper


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